The aciet Egyptia called it Ibt Rasit (the souther Haram), distict from the Karak Temple to the orth of it. The buildig was dedicated to Kig Amehotep the Third, ad was dedicated to the cult of Amu Ka Motif, oe of the images of the Amoite god, to which Amehotep the Third beloged, to prove his etitlemet to the throe ad record it o the walls of the Holy Chamber of Birth. Kig Ramesses II completed it by addig a ope courtyard. There are also booths datig back to Hatshepsut ad Thutmose III. Alexader the Great also had traces of him iside the temple. Luxor Temple is coected to the temple of Karak through the processios of the Grad, which is decorated o both sides statues of Kig akhtebo I i the form of the Sphix.
It is omada called the ew where the existig moumets were moved from its origial locatio about 2.5 km durig the ubia rescue campaig, icludig the Temple omada, the Temple of Durr, ad the cemetery of Beot. Tuthmosis III ad Amehotep II were omada built. They built the iterior of the temple ad later the temple was added to the temple by Tuthmosis the Third ad Tuthmosis the Fourth to commemorate the victories of the secod Battle of Byblos. It was restored ad reovated by Kig City I ad trasformed the temple ito a church i the early Christia period. A brick dome was built over the roof of the temple ad the iscriptios were covered with a layer of plaster. The temple is therefore the oldest ad most preserved of the Egyptia temples. The temple was omada importat i the era of the moder state because of its strategic locatio, which emphasizes the Egyptia sovereigty o the souther border ad shows this is clear through the scees that Egyptia kigs kee to register o the walls of the temple; the most importat iscriptios iscriptio Kig “Amehotep II,” which documets his victories Syria campaig (1424 BC), as well as the text of the completio of the costructio of the temple i the third year of the reig of Kig “Amehotep II”, as well as aother view of Kig “Mereptah” documets the kig’s success i repellig the Libya attacks o the Egyptia border (1209 BC). The temple of the moastery is located about 500 meters from a temple omada . This temple was adopted i the moutai slopes o the easter bak of the ile. It dates back to the reig of Kig Ramses II. This temple was dedicated to the idol “Ra Hor My Sister”, “Amu Ra” “Ptah”, ad Kig “Ramses II” himself. May parts of the temple have bee destroyed, but may of the scees ad iscriptios are still i good coditio. The most importat of these are the scees of the Ramses II campaig o ubia, as well as the worship scees depictig Ramses II’s relatioship with the various gods. The moks. The cemetery of Beot is the oly cemetery amog the cemetery of the cemetery “Aaba” (the capital of Lower ubia sice the age of the eighteeth family), which was saved; for the bad coditio of the rest of the graves, which were all clicked i the rocks of moutai slopes, where the cemetery was moved to its curret locatio 40 How much of its origial place. The cemetery is called “Pot”, who served as deputy kig i Lower ubia durig the reig of Kig Ramses VI. The walls of the cemetery are decorated with chapters of the Book of the Dead, as well as scees depictig Beot ad his wife worshipig some local idolaters, as well as a scee depictig “Beot”, which presets gifts to the statue of Kig Ramses VI,
The temple was re-istalled 4 km from its origial locatio with the temples of Al-Dikka ad the Holocaust i the area kow as the Valley of the Seve. The temple has a distictive architectural desig, with its frot ad frot facig stoe, while the ier part of it is carved ito the rock. The temple was used as a church durig the period of Roma persecutio. Its statues were destroyed ad its iterior walls were covered with a layer of mortar, which resulted i the preservatio of may aciet Egyptia iscriptios ad iscriptios.
The temple i its architectural desig is similar to the temple of Abu Simbel i Aswa but it was subjected to a powerful earthquake that destroyed the facade ad chaged its etrace to the curret area overlookig the maria. It has bee egraved o the walls of may importat scees datig to the era of Kig Ramses II, such as the famous site of Cadiz, i additio to the worship scees represetig Ramses II with differet idols, as well as some of the astroomical scees depictig the seasos of the year ad moths, ad also a scee depictig the ame of Ramses II iside the tree The temple also has a huge statue of Kig Ramesses II resemblig a statue of Mimo.