Abu Simbel

(1279-1212 BC). It has been linked to a high plateau of sandstone 4 km south of their current location, which was transferred to it in the campaign to save the effects of Nubia after the establishment of the High Dam in 1960.
The site of Abu Simbel contains two temples: the Temple of Abu Simbel the Great, which was dedicated to the worship of “Ra Hor My sister” and “Amun Ra” and the King himself, and the temple of Abu Simbel small, which is located 100 meters from the first temple dedicated to the worshiper Hathor and Queen Nefertari, the main wife of the king.
The name “Abu Simbel” was launched on this site by the Swiss traveler Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, known as Ibrahim Burkhart, who discovered the site in 1813 when he was accompanied by a child named Abu Simbel.
The importance of the Temple of Abu Simbel is attributed to its association with the phenomenon of the sun in the face of the statue of Pharaoh Ramses II twice a year; the first coincides with the anniversary of his birthday on 22 October and the second on 22 February, the anniversary of his coronation. The temple is distinguished by a unique architectural design. It was decorated with four large statues of King Ramses II, each of which reaches about 20 meters long. The façade is followed by a corridor leading to the temple, which is carved into the rock at a depth of 48 meters. Its walls are decorated with scenes of the king’s victories and conquests. The Battle of Kadesh where he defeated the Hittites, in addition to the religious scenes depicting the king in his relations with the Egyptian gods.
The small temple of Abu Simbel was given by King Ramses II to Queen Nefertari, his wife and master. His face is adorned with six large statues of equal size representing the king and the queen in a clear demonstration of the high status enjoyed by the queen in her husband. The temple extends into the plateau at a depth of 24 m. From the magnificent views that depicted the queen worshiping the various gods either with the king or alone.

5 Replies to “Abu Simbel”

  1. It is such a glorious time of the Egyptian civilization, and the Egyptian people, who are one of the most important source of western civilization today, Egypt and true Egyptians should be proud of their past and try to emulate their history today, I’m surprised that the ancient Egyptian language is not being taught in the Egyptian schools today, what a mistake to the Arabs to be your identities, Egyptian own a proud past, relive it!

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