The area was discovered i 1960 by the Supreme Coucil of Atiquities i cooperatio with the Polish missio represetative of the Polish Ceter for the Atiquities of the Mediterraea. The importace of this area is due to the fact that it cotais a umber of valuable moumets datig back to the Ptolemaic, Roma, Byzatie ad Islamic periods, as well as its uique locatio. It represets the southwester boudary of the royal district – the most importat ad oldest part of the Old City – With the mai crossroad. The area icludes the Roma amphitheater, the Roma bath, the cisters, the halls of the aciet Alexadria Uiversity, ad a group of villas datig back to the early Roma era. The most importat of these are the Bird Villa, a museum of Roma mosaics, which is oe of the few models that highlight the developmet of the mosaic idustry. The area is also home to a rage of historic streets ad galleries, a vivid example of the Roma lifestyle throughout the ages.