Sawary column area

The Pillar of Al-Sawari (Diocletian’s Column) is one of the most famous archaeological sites in Alexandria Archeology. It was built between the current Muslim cemetery area known as the “Cemetery of the Column” and the ancient hill of Kom Al Shakafa. It is about 26.85 m long and is made of pink granite. The remains of the Serapeum Temple (Temple of the Serpentine Serapis) were founded by King Ptolemy III during the third century BC. The temple was the largest and most important temples of Alexandria in the Greco-Roman era.
The region was best known as the “Pillar of Suarees” by Arab travelers who later became the “Al-Sawari” and was known as the “Pompey Column” at the historians of the Crusades. The Alexandrians set up this pillar on the Temple of the Sarabium, dedicated to the Emperor Diocletian (248-305 AD) and thank him for redistributing the quota of wheat that Egypt was supposed to send to Rome. On the upper part of the base is a engraved Greek inscription, And the meaning of this inscription is as follows: “For the just Emperor, the protector of Alexandria, Diocletian the invincible, the governor of Egypt built this pillar.”

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